Databases

There are many possible sources for life cycle assessment data. This page lists useful direct sources of data, as well as some lists of databases, that may be helpful to those conducting life cycle assessments (LCAs).

The list is not comprehensive, as there are many possible sources of the kind of data necessary to conduct LCAs, but it should be helpful in getting started. It is also in no particular order. If you would like to recommend a source to be added to this page, please contact us.

Emissions and Energy Data

Specific Materials

Lists of Databases

License-Based Databases

  • ecoinvent
    • Largest life cycle inventory database with thousands of individual datasets
  • Google Scholar
    • Source for academic and grey literature that may contain useful LCA parameters
  • openLCA Nexus with tutorial
    • Massive online repository of various free and premium LCA datasets from many different providers that can be integrated into openLCA
  • SimaPro Databases with tutorial
    • SimaPro is a premium LCA software and features a wide variety of life cycle inventory databases
  • GaBi Databases with tutorial
    • GaBi is a premium LCA software and features many of its own datasets along with some external ones

Other

  • U.S. Federal LCA Commons
    • Searchable repository of LCA data from various agencies and other sources. Many entries must be used in conjunction with LCA software, such as openLCA, while others have information within the entry on the site. Includes USLCI database from the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • Global LCA Data Access (GLAD)
    • Searchable repository of LCA data with format conversion functionality
  • Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA)
    • Tool from Carnegie Mellon University that estimates energy and material needs and emissions based on economic activity within various sectors